Atlantic salmon with adult females (C. rogercresseyi). Note the lesions on the skin surface. Note also the paired trailing egg sacs.

Caligus Rogercresseyi – Gross Pathology

Caligus rogercresseyi is a predominant parasitic problem in the salmonid industry in Chile. It mainly affects Atlantic salmon and Rainbow trout. Coho salmon is not considered susceptible due to a well-developed inflammatory response.

Atlantic salmon with a severe infestation by Caligus rogercresseyi.
Figure 1. Atlantic salmon with a severe infestation by Caligus rogercresseyi (Picture courtesy of Jaime Santana – VM).


The life cycle of C. rogercresseyi is composed of eight stages of development, two nauplius stages I and II, an infested copepodite stage, four chalimus stages and an adult stage (young adult and mature adult).


The amount of time it takes for a louse to develop depends greatly on the temperature. Under laboratory conditions the C. rogercresseyi life cycle is completed in 45 days when the water temperature is 10°C, 32 days at 12°C and 26 days at 15°C.

Atlantic salmon with adult females (C. rogercresseyi). Note the lesions on the skin surface. Note also the paired trailing egg sacs.
Figure 2. Atlantic salmon with adult females (C. rogercresseyi). Note the lesions on the skin surface. Note also the paired trailing egg sacs (Picture courtesy of Marcelo Vera – VM).





The external gross findings include loss of body condition, haemorrhages, petechiae and abrasions on the surface of the body causing immunosuppression in the host.

Life cycle of Caligus rogercresseyi.
Figure 3. Life cycle of Caligus rogercresseyi (Picture courtesy of Jaime Santana – VM).


















REFERENCES

  • González, L., & Carvajal, J. (2003). Life cycle of Caligus rogercresseyi,(Copepoda: Caligidae) parasite of Chilean reared salmonids. Aquaculture, 220(1-4), 101-117.
  • Revie, C. W., Gettinby, G., Treasurer, J. W., Rae, G. H., & Clark, N. (2002). Temporal, environmental and management factors influencing the epidemiological patterns of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infestations on farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Scotland. Pest Management Science: formerly Pesticide Science58(6), 576-584.

2 Comments

  1. Prof. Dr. David A. Conroy

    I am writing to make readers of this interesting new magazine “Fish Pathology” aware of the role of Caligus rogercresseyi as a significant ectoparasite of Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) farmed in coastal waters (S = 34º/oo) in northern Peru. The copepods were successfully eliminated from the parasitised fish hosts by the application of fresh water baths. Detailed information is available in: Bravo, S., G. A. Boxhall & G. Conroy, 2011. New cultured host and a significant extension to the known geographical range of the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi. Bull. Eur. Ass. Fish Pathol. 31 (4): 156 – 160. I also wish this magazine every success, and congratulate its Editors for their important initiative.

totop